1918 – Moscow becomes capital of Russia instead of Petrograd.
1953 – King Norodom Sihanouk announces independence of Cambodia.
1975 – OPEC holds its first summit of heads of state in Algiers.
2001 – More than 35 pilgrims killed in Mecca in a crush.
1953 – Leader of former Soviet Union Joseph Stalin.
2013 – Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez.
H. Zain/ H. Said