1839- Opium War erupts between Britain and China.
1917- Independence of Albania.
1959- Singapore gains independence.
1965- Astronaut Edward White becomes the first American to walk in space when he exits the Gemini 4 space capsule.
2003- The biggest strike in Austria in 50 years in which half a million people took part to protest against the drastic cuts in the pension system.
1808- Jefferson Davis, President of Confederate States of America.
1924- Swedish Neuroscientist Torsten Nils Wiesel.
1826- Russian journalist, historian, and author Nikolai Mikhailovich Karamzi.
1989-Imam Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran.