DAMASCUS, (SANA) -His Excellency President Bashar al-Assad issued here today Legislative Decree No. 101 for the year 2011 pertaining to General Elections Law.
The law aims at improving the election process, ensuring the right of the candidates in supervising the process and maintaining the judicial supervision.
It also provides for forming a higher judicial committee for elections with its headquarters in Damascus to monitor the elections and ensure its integrity, in addition to forming judicial sub-committees in every Syrian province affiliated to the higher committee.
The Law stipulates that elections are to be held with public, secret, direct and equal voting where each Syrian voter, who completed eighteen years old, has one vote. The Law does not allow army members and policemen in service to participate in elections.
Right of the candidates in supervising the process and maintaining the judicial supervision
Among the missions of elections committee are to enable candidates or their agents to supervise voting process, votes counting and to listen to their remarks and objections, and so to enable media means and press to oversee voting process and votes counting.
The Law also stipulates that each governorate form an electoral circle except the Governorate of Aleppo which consists of two circles: Aleppo and Aleppo Countryside.
Law enable candidates or their agents to supervise voting process, votes counting and to listen to their remarks and objections
The People Assembly –the Parliament- consists of representatives from two sectors ..workers, peasants sector and the rest of the people.
The candidates for the parliament and the local administration should be a twenty-five year old literate Syrian Arab national for at least ten years, according to the Law stipulations.
Elections campaign should not include any racial, sectarian ethnic or tribal indications
Elections campaign should not include any racial, sectarian ethnic or tribal indications and candidates should not use foreign media for their election campaigns, which should be halted twenty four hours before the elections ' date.
The Law also regulates the counting votes, the procedures of voting, elections disruption penalties and results of votes' announcement.
Minister Ghalawanji: Decree 101 Positive Step to Improve Electoral Process
Minister of Local Administration Omar Ibrahim Ghalawanji said that the new law on general elections is a positive step to improve the electoral process in terms of monitoring and penalties.
In a statement to SANA, The minister said that the law regulates the whole electoral process and the transfer of the power of monitoring elections to the judicial authority to ensure free and fair elections.
He said that the higher committee for supervising elections is appointed by a presidential decree and has independent sub-committees in the provinces.
He added that there is a whole chapter for penalties which includes 10 articles. The material penalty amounts to SYP 50,000 in some cases and in other cases 3-year imprisonment.
The decree allows all the parties to be formed according to the legislative decree no.101 to present their candidates through individual or collective lists, the Minister added.