Damascus, (SANA) – Argentina is the second largest country in South America, to the east of Andes Mountain range. It occupies an area of 3,761 million square kilometers. The highest point is in Mendoza province at Cerro Aconcagua 7,010 meters above sea level.
Argentina contains the widest estuary in the world, Rio de la Plata (River Plate). It is formed by the combination of the Uruguay River and the Parana River, extending 290 kilometers from the rivers' confluence to the Atlantic Ocean.
The major rivers are the Parana (the largest), the Pilcomayo, Paraguay, Chubut, Colorado, Rio Negro, Salado and the Uruguay.
Argentina has abundant natural and agricultural resources. 73 percent of its lands are rich of mineral resources such as Copper, Silver, Gold, Manganese and Antimony in addition to natural gas. Forests cover an area of 3,60 million hectares.
According to 2009 statistics, the number of population in Argentina totaled 40,134 million. The official language is Spanish and the Argentine peso is the currency of Argentina.
The annual Gross National Product (GNP) of Argentina hits USD 326,867 billion. Agriculture and fishing account for 10,6 percent of the GNP while industry contributes 35,9 percent to the GNP.
Food industries, motor vehicles, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals and steel are the major industries in Argentina.
Argentine exports valued USD 70,589 billion in 2009, while imports reached USD 57,413 billion in 2008. Food exports include cereals, oils, flour, beef and fruits.
Argentine imports from the Arab countries valued USD 86 million in 2009 while exports reached USD 2, 331 billion.
There are 78 TV stations, 731 radio broadcasting stations, 6 newspapers and 11 parties in Argentina.
Argentina gained independence on July 9th of 1816 then the state's constitution was set in 1853.
After decades of difficulties, temporary presidents and crises, the Legislative Assembly elected Dr. Eduardo Duhalde as a transitional president.
Duhalde applied the policy of the recovery of the domestic economy .He stopped imports and encouraged exports on the other hand.
As a result the financial surplus got improved by the end of 2002. In 2003, Nestor Kirchner, who established a political bloc of all political spectrums, was elected as president.
The elected president worked on enhancing the industry sector as the domestic product improved and unemployment decreased.He also worked on improving agriculture and the agrarian industry in addition to revitalizing urban construction.
In 2007, Cristina Fernandez, wife of former President Nestor Kirchner, was elected as president.
Argentina is a federal country; each state has its own government, parliamentarians and judiciary which are under control of the central authority.
The executive authority is under the control of the president who is also the commander of the Armed Forces.
In Argentina, the four-year term president appoints the government members. President Cristina Fernandez was born on February 19th of 1953. She has got two children.She studied law at the National University of La Plata during the 1970s.
R. Raslan/ R. Milhem/ Zahra